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FATEHPUR SIKRI THE WORLD HERITAGE CITY IN INDIA

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Make the journey from Agra to Jaipur, visiting India’s jewels along the way. Just 40kms (approx. 45 minutes drive) west of Agra, Fatehpur Sikri a World Heritage-listed city founded by 16th century Mughal Emperor Akbar – The unique heritage walk and one of the prime destinations for the excellence of Indo-Islamic Architecture designated UNESCO World Heritage site in 1986

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This magnificent fortified ancient city was the short-lived capital of the Mughal Empire between 1572 and 1585, during the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar. Earlier, Akbar had visited the village of Sikri to consult the Sufi saint Hazrat Shaikh Salim Chishti, who predicted the birth of an heir to the Mughal throne. When the prophecy came true, Akbar built his new capital here, including a stunning mosque,  and three palaces, one for each of his favourite wives. Built during the second half of the 16th century by the Emperor Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri (City of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for only some 10 years. The complex of monuments, all in a uniform architectural style, includes one of the largest mosques in India. Akbar began the construction of a religious compound in honor of the Hazrat Sheikh Salim Chishti, who had predicted the birth of Jahangir. After Jahangir’s second birthday, he began the construction of a walled city and imperial palace

FATEHPUR SIKRI

Sits on rocky ridge, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) in length and 1 km (0.62 mi) wide and palace city is surrounded by a 6 km (3.7 mi) wall on three sides with the fourth bordered by a lake. The city is generally organized around this 40 m high ridge, and falls roughly into the shape of a rhombus. The general layout of the ground structures, especially the “continuous and compact pattern of gardens and services and facilities” that characterized the city leads urban archaeologists to conclude that Fatehpur Sikri was built primarily to afford leisure and luxury to its famous residents. The dynastic architecture was modelled on Timurid forms and styles. The town was built massively and preferably with red sandstone and city’s architecture reflects domestic architecture popular in India at the time

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Jama Mosque the excellence of Indo-Islamic Architecture was perhaps one of the first buildings to be constructed in the complex, as its epigraph gives A.D. 1571-72 as the date of its completion. It was built in the manner of Indian mosques, with iwans around a central courtyard. A distinguishing feature is the row of chhatri over the sanctuary. There are three mihrabs in each of the seven bays, while the large central mihrab is covered by a dome, it is decorated with white marble inlay, in geometric patterns

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A unique white marble encased tomb of the Sufi saint, Hazrat Sheikh Salim Chishti (1478–1572), within the Jama Masjid’s courtyard. The single-storey structure is built around a central square chamber, within which is the grave of the saint, under an ornate wooden canopy encrusted with mother-of-pearl mosaic. Surrounding it is a covered passageway for circumambulation, with carved Jalis, stone pierced screens all around with intricate geometric design and an entrance to the south. Other striking features of the tomb are white marble serpentine brackets, which support sloping eaves around the parapet. On the left of the tomb, to the east, stands a red sandstone tomb of Hazrat Islam Khan I, son of Hazrat Shaikh Badruddin Chisti and grandson of Hazrat Shaikh Salim Chishti, who became a general in the Mughal army in the reign of Jahangir. The tomb is topped by a dome and thirty-six small domed chattris and contains a number of graves, some unnamed, all male descendants of Hazrat Shaikh Salim Chisti

 

BULAND DARWAZA

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The unique Buland Darwaza (High Door) at Fatehpur Sikri is 55 metres (180 ft) high, from the ground, gradually making a transition to a human scale in the inside. The gate was added around five years after the completion of the mosque 1576-1577 as a victory arch, it carries two inscriptions in the archway, one of which reads: “Isa, Son of Mariam said: The world is a bridge, pass over it, but build no houses on it. He who hopes for an hour may hope for eternity. The world endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer, for the rest is unseen”. The central portico comprises three arched entrances, with the largest one, in the centre, is known locally as the Horseshoe Gate, after the custom of nailing horseshoes to its large wooden doors for luck. Outside the giant steps of the Buland Darwaza to the left is a unique deep well

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A great monument five-storied palatial structure, with the tiers gradually diminishing in size, till the final one, which is a single large-domed chhatri, it is known as “Panch Mahal”. Originally pierced stone screens faced the facade and probably sub-divided the interior as well, suggesting it was built for the ladies of the court. The floors are supported by intricately carved columns on each level, totaling to 176 columns in all

Diwan-i-Aam or Hall of Public Audience, a building typology found in many cities where the ruler meets the general public. In this case, it is a pavilion-like multi-bayed rectangular structure fronting a large open space. Diwan-i-Khas or Hall of Private Audience, is a plain square building with four chhatris on the roof. However it is famous for its central pillar, which has a square base and an octagonal shaft, both carved with bands of geometric and floral designs, further its thirty-six serpentine brackets support a circular platform for Akbar, which is connected to each corner of the building on the first floor, by four stone walkways. It is here that Akbar had representatives of different religions discuss their faiths and gave private audience

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We ensure travelers for the best of hospitality whilst on trips and holidays in India. During this process we have restructured the models of travel and hospitality by applying halal friendly features and amenities. Delving into local cultures and traditions, history, cuisines and lifestyles anything that contributes to the unique identity of the places, visits at Islamic related sites includes in tour itineraries, hotels and resorts as per the taste and needs of halal friendly travelers, providing an environment of comfort with the assurance of seamless services, creating the right themes, ambiances, architecture and interiors that would make travelers feel at ease during the trip, and most importantly employing people who can cater the efficient services for the convenience of halal friendly travelers

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